PDF or EBOOK (Sygdommen til Døden) BY Søren Kierkegaard

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  • Sygdommen til Døden
  • Søren Kierkegaard
  • English
  • 24 June 2020
  • 9780141036656

Søren Kierkegaard Ó 6 Read

review Ï PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Ó Søren Kierkegaard Read Sygdommen til Døden í PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Søren Kierkegaard Ó 6 Read Ned outraged provoked and comforted They have enriched lives and destroyed them Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers pioneers radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are. This can be called a Phenomenology of Despair Kierkegaard is freuently considered as anti Hegel but this book can be considered as a kind of dialectic of the self Kierkegaard looked at the self the same way as Hegel looked at the world his universal spiritHere we see his iterative definition of the self The self is a relation which relates itself to its own self or it is that in the relation that the relation relates itself to its own self the self is not the relation but that the relation relates itself to its own self It must in turn relate to the power which established the whole relation The self is a dynamic process It is simultaneously becoming and and unbecoming from what one isand the self as a synthesis A human being is a synthesis of the infinite and the finite of the temporal and the eternal of freedom and necessity in short a synthesisDespair results from lack of balance between these opposites and takes three forms Being unconscious in despair of having a self This is the most common form of despair Despair of an aesthete Where someone is lost in something external that they are not aware of their eternal self or that they are in despair A spiritless existence From Kierkegaard s point of view almost everyone is in despair and most of them are not aware of it not wanting in despair to be oneself happens if one has finitude and necessity but without infinitude and possibility ie no faith For God is infinite for God everything is possible The opposite is where you have infinitude and possibility without being grounded in temporal and necessity Where one is carried away by dreams and fantasies without being grounded in something temporal leading to despair and wanting in despair to be oneselfOne can contrast this with materialism where alienation and despair are caused by material circumstances and they can be rid of by changing the society Even though they never encountered each other s works Marx and Kierkegaard were contemporaries and both of their thoughts germinated in the rapidly industrialising society But for Marx a materialist this alienation ultimately took the form of a worker being alienated from his labour and it can only be overcome by changing the society and for Kierkegaard the individual self is all that matters despair can only be overcome by the self through faithAmong the western thinkers existentialists have a lot in common with buddhist and hindu thinkers The similar emphasis on the self the importance of self realisation and in this book there is also some similarity in the understanding of despair Despair as a sickness of the spirit and the opposite of being in despair is to have faith Standing openly in front of GodHere we also see the Christian notion of despair as a blessing Something which we see in Dostoevsky s works as well Despair transcends banal experience and it leads to salvation So despair is also a blessing To arrive at deliverance one must pass through despairThe second part got too Christian and esoteric for me It mainly deals with sin This work is rooted in christianity but still has universal applicability If you want to understand how your relation is relating itself to itself you must read this book

review Sygdommen til Døden

Sygdommen til Døden

review Ï PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Ó Søren Kierkegaard Read Sygdommen til Døden í PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Søren Kierkegaard Ó 6 Read Man's struggle to fill the spiritual void Throughout history some books have changed the world They have transformed the way we see ourselves and each other They have inspired debate dissent war and revolution They have enlighte. The Sickness unto Death is an insightful taxonomy of human self deception and a fascinating polemic supporting a Christianity of individuals rather than groups Its two parts The Sickness unto Death is Despair and Despair is Sin reflect its dual psychological and theological significanceIt is first a precursor of modern psychoanalysis exploring the idea of despair as a lack of self understanding and self acceptance Anticipating Freud s unconscious mind Kierkegaard claims that virtually everyone is always in despair whether they know it or not Not being conscious of being in despair is itself a form of despair The physician knows that just as there can be merely imagined illness so too is there merely imagined health Much of the book consists of a general overview of the many different forms despair can take from the despairing ignorance of having a self and an eternal self to the demonic wanting in despair to be oneself defianceAlthough as one of Kierkegaard s algebraic ie philosophically schematic rather than literary works Sickness spends little time developing these forms of despair fleshed out examples an be found in his other works such as EitherOr The short allegories Kierkegaard does use to illustrate his ideas however are consistently clear and illuminating For exampleAs a father disinherits a son the self will not acknowledge itself after it has been so weak Despairingly it is unable to forget that weakness somehow it hates itself it will not humble itself in faith under its weakness in order to win itself back No in despair it will not as it were hear a word about itself will have nothing to do with itself As doubtless often with the father who disinherited the son the external fact only helped a little it did not rid him of the son least of all in his thoughts As so often it helps little when the lover curses the despised that is loved one but almost intricates him the so it is for the despairing self with itselfSecond and to Kierkegaard s purpose Sickness is an unorthodoxly orthodox classic of Christian theology A must read for anyone interested in the concept of sin Sickness disavows the notion that sin is simply unethical behavior no for Kierkegaard the opposite of sin is not virtue but faith Sin for Kierkegaard is before God or with the conception of God in despair not wanting to be oneself or wanting in despair to be oneself Sin is a heightened form of despair in which God judges each one of us Using this notion Kierkegaard attacks established Christendom for being complacent and confident due to its strength in numbers of its sinlessnessChristianity says to each individual Thou shalt believe Not one word there is nothing to add Now I have spoken says God in heaven we shall talk it over again in eternity In the meantime you can do what you want but judgement is at hand A judgement Indeed we men have learned by experience that when there is a mutiny on a ship or in an army then the guilty are so numerous that the punishment has to be dropped and when it is the public the highly esteemed and cultivated public or the people then there is not only no crime but according to the newspaper which is as dependable as the Gospels and the Revelation it is God s will Why is this so The reason is that the concept judgement corresponds to the individual judgment cannot be passed en masse people can be killed en masse sprayed en masse flattered en masse in short can be treated in many ways just like cattle but to judge people like cattle is not possible for one cannot pass judgement on cattle However many are judged if there is to be any seriousness or truth in the judgement then judgement is passed on each individualIf only there are enough of us in this then there is no wrong in it before this wisdom all people have to this day bowed down kings emperors and excellencies So God is damned well going to learn to bow down too It is simply a matter of there being many of us a decent number who stick together if we do that we are made safe against the judgement of eternity They are indeed safe if it is only in eternity that they are to become individuals But they were and are constantly individuals before GodThus Kierkegaard s aim is to awaken the reader as spirit ie as an individual self before God not to defend Christianity s doctrines On the contrary Kierkegaard s strongest words are directed against apologetics how extraordinarily stupid it is to defend Christianity how little knowledge of humanity it betrays how it connives if only unconsciously with offence by making Christianity out to be some miserable object that in the end must be rescued by a defence Yes the person who defends that has never believed in it If he does believe then the enthusiasm of faith is not a defence no it is the assault and the victory a believer is a victorTo fully understand why Kierkegaard considers Christianity fundamentally and necessarily irrational to the point of causing offence it will be helpful to read his other works such as Fear and Trembling or Concluding Unscientific Postscript where faith is defined as an objective uncertainty held fast in the most passionate inwardness And nothing for Kierkegaard could be less certainly true than Christianity s paradoxes like the idea that there is an infinite difference in kind between God and man yet the two share a kinship To try and water down Christianity s offensive aspects to make faith easier to just blindly slip into is to destroy faith by removing the necessity for the individual to passionately CHOOSE for himself his own life path his own selfAlthough this is one of Kierkegaard s difficult works once the basic project is grasped it is uite readable and is straightforward than The Concept of Anxiety a psychological work which explores very similar ideas to Sickness The first paragraph with its The self is a relation which relates to itself or that in the relation which is its relating to itself etc etc is famously dense and opaue but is not representative of the rest of the text which becomes and clear and accessible as it delves deeper into the obscurity of sin and despairThe Sickness unto Death is an invaluable resource for those interested in existential psychology or religious philosophy However it is perhaps not the best place to begin if you haven t read other Kierkegaard works Fear and Trembling is an easier starting point For both texts I recommend the Hannay translation rather than the Hong one

review Ï PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Ó Søren Kierkegaard

review Ï PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Ó Søren Kierkegaard Read Sygdommen til Døden í PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Søren Kierkegaard Ó 6 Read Influencing philosophers such as Sartre and Camus and still strikingly modern in its psychological insights Kierkegaard's The Sickness Unto Death explores the concept of 'despair' as a symptom of the human condition and describes. Kierkegaard is a strange philosopher to discuss His writing is incredibly dense in ideology while poetically preserving the aesthetic I bought this book than two years ago along with Fear and Trembling yet they have never left my bedside table One can read this book a dozen times and still find new landscapes in his ideology It was about time to revisit this book once againIt might sound ridiculous but I find this book to be the greatest self help book ever written Its important to recognize Despair as a part of the self its important to recognize Despair as the right path to actualization or in Kierkegaard s vocabulary Faith Its normal for us to rebel against our existence and defy any eternal consolation for the sake of individuality because what are we but self conscious errors who have risen up against the tyranny of their creator One of the most eye opening works of philosophy I have ever read