[PDF KINDLE] (Proposed Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism, and Syndicalism) Author Bertrand Russell

  • Paperback
  • 246
  • Proposed Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism, and Syndicalism
  • Bertrand Russell
  • English
  • 10 October 2020
  • 9781141701667

Bertrand Russell ô 4 Summary

Proposed Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism, and Syndicalism Summary á 104 Free read á PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ô Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell ô 4 Summary E original artifact or were introduced by the scanning process We believe this work is culturally important and despite the imperfections have elected to bring it back into print as part of. It is by its effects outside economics and politics at least as much as by effects inside them that a social system should be judged Bertrand RussellIn Proposed Roads to Freedom 1918 Bertrand Russell explores the different ways of improving society with the aim to create a better life for everyone a life that is aimed at creation instead possession In a society structured around possession such as the imperialist capitalism or capitalist imperialism of the world around 1918 with the Word War as a sad low point daily life consists of zero sum games The people who own property can force the masses who own next to nothing to do whatever they want In practice this leads to violation of human rights and exploitation of men women and children The needs of one are literally owned by another This is an unwanted situation according to Russell and meThis development started with the Industrial Revolution and culminated in various political movements that originate in the nineteenth century Liberalism developed as the political arm of the new leisured classes while socialism developed as an agressive reaction to mass exploitation of workers Both movements provoked a reactionary movement especially on the Continent which used nationalism to placate the masses and violent suppression of opponents to scare the masses into submissionCome 1918 the world was in some ways better off workers had better working conditions and were better paid but only as much as was necessary to stop revolts and strikes but in practice the exploitation and oppression of the masses for productive ends was simply under pressure of socialism anarchism and syndicalism moved to poor countries in the undeveloped world Meanwhile with the World War the interests of the political and economic elites were realized and state control expanded heavily and capital became ever important and hence influentialSo when Russell wrote this book the future was open to any development He realizes this and explores the ways that society can be improved without falling prey to the huge pitfalls of absolute doctrines like socialism and anarchism From the outset Russell explains that socialism the breakdown of the state and the subseuent democratic rule of all citizens owning all property in commune is as bad as the system capitalism which it tries to overthrow Also anarchism is the movement of solitary resentful intellectuals like Bakunin and Kropotkin people who want to break down not just the state but society as a whole Never mind the practical conseuences How is industrial or even sufficent agricultural production possible in a world full of individuals it will not work to begin with since people are not simply individuals Both socialism and anarchism developed as intellectual movements seeking solutions for social troubles in politics As always most people are practical instead of theoretical people just want better lives not better ideas so parallel to these political movements there sprang up an economic or industrial movement syndicalism This is the view that unions of workers can force industries to become both democratic and social in the socialist sense Of course within all these isms there were many many variations depending on the people involved the territory they covered and the times they were part ofFor Russell syndicalism is the way to go He aims for a world in which people enjoy liberty humanity and spiritual fulfilment Capitalism as well as socialism and anarchism are un workable since individual liberties are offered on the alter of abstract ends They also degrade the lives of most people relegating it either to the automatic dull live of a drone capitalism and socialism or to the poverty of Bronze Age peasants anarchism Society should be structured to allow people to live to be active and to manifest their creative drives and the best way to do this is to allow individual human beings to have the highest amount of freedom autonomy and power as peace and prosperity allow In other words society should be ordered in such a way that bottom up processes and mass participation are fostered at the expense of top down enforcement of the will of a fewIn part 1 Russell sketches the historical developments of socialism anarchism and syndicalism Although interesting and enlightening it is not a purely historical description Russell selects what he needs from the myriad of sources and injects his own points of view throughout this part In part 2 the book turns into a description of Russell s view of a future society in part as the result of a critical analysis of doctrines and ideas that were described in part 1 The end result is a society which Russell already advocated in broad outlines in his Principles of Social ReconstructionWhy Men Fight 1916 but now a little bit detailedIn both works Russell gaurds himself against following the Utopian trend which started with Plato s Republic and continued through More Godwin and Marx among others to his own time Utopias are almost always the musings of solitary intellectuals who are closed off from everyday communal life therefore they are figments of the imagination which turn into oppressive deadly regimes when put into practice Russell s approach is a compromise in two ways 1 a compromise between different systems in his case capitalism syndicalism and anarchism and 2 a compromise in implementation a step by stem implementation no revolutions much in line with Karl Popper s later notion of piece meal social engineering It is this two dimensional compromise which makes Russell s approach much likeable and workable as a societal improvement compared to alternative systemsIn this sense Proposed Roads to Freedom reads like a well informed pamphlet than a historical analysis of socialism anarchism or syndicalism Not that this is bad per se it s just not the aim of my reading his work I was hoping for a historical analysis Also he works out the ideas of his Why Men Fight in detail but this in and of itself has little practical value the general ideas and aims are already familiar assuming one has read Why Men Fight while the exact details are much outdated by now I guess you can read Proposed Roads to Freedom as a time capsule of the 1918 future uncertainties How would the new world order look like after the War Would there be any changes in the lives of people all over the world These uestions are hard to answer each region saw its own developments and developments were highly influenced by the post War culture shock and its brain children fascism nazism and communism the Great Depression and World War 2 To conclude I can t really recommend this book

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Proposed Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism, and Syndicalism Summary á 104 Free read á PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ô Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell ô 4 Summary This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923 This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages poor pictures errant marks etc that were either part of th. Highlighting the effects of nature and society on man s decision making Russell in his introduction states that THE attempt to conceive imaginatively a better ordering of human society than the destructive and cruel chaos in which mankind has hitherto existed is by no means modernI rather appreciate the intro s second paragraph though where he says The great majority of men and women in ordinary times pass through life without ever contemplating or criticising as a whole either their own conditions or those of the world at large They find themselves born into a certain place in society and they accept what each day brings forth without any effort of thought beyond what the immediate present reuires Almost as instinctively as the beasts of the field they seek the satisfaction of the needs of the moment without much forethought and without considering that by sufficient effort the whole conditions of their lives could be changed A certain percentage guided by personal ambition make the effort of thought and will which is necessary to place themselves among the fortunate members of the community but very few among these are seriously concerned to secure for all the advantages which they seek for themselves It is only a few rare and exceptional men who have that kind of love toward mankind at large that makes them unable to endure patiently the general mass of evil and suffering regardless of any relation it may have to their own lives to me this theory is uite trueGenerally this is a rather interesting philosophical read I think it also deserves a place on my re read shelf

Free read á PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ô Bertrand Russell

Proposed Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism, and Syndicalism Summary á 104 Free read á PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ô Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell ô 4 Summary Our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process and hope you enjoy this valuable bo. Everyone should read this book